Our website is named after The Circumlocution Office, a fictitious governmental department featured in the Charles Dickens novel Little Dorrit. Dickens took an existing word in the English language, circumlocution, and applied it to satirise that department.
Definition of Circumlocution.
The word circumlocution describes the use of an unnecessarily amount of words to get to the point, where just a a few would do.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines circumlocution as either:
- Speaking in a roundabout or indirect way; the use of several words instead of one, or many instead of few. Formerly used of grammatical periphrasis; but now only of rhetorical.
- A phrase or sentence in which circumlocution is used; a roundabout expression.
Leading American online dictionary Merriam-Webster gives its definition as either:
- The use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
- Evasion in speech
The term circumlocution has its origins in the Middle English circumlocucyon, from Latin circumlocution-, circumlocutio, from circum- + locutio speech, from loqui to speak, and was first recorded in the 15th century.
Use of the term Circumlocution Office.
In Book 1, Chapter 10 of the novel, Arthur Clennam visits the Circumlocution Office trying to find out about the case against a man called William Dorrit, who is in prison for debt. He is passed from official to official trying to find a satisfactory answer.
Little Dorrit was first serialised between 1855 and 1857. At the time, Charles Dickens was angry with the government’s mishandling of the Crimean War (1853 – 1856) and sought to satirise the incompetence of bureaucracy.
Over 150 years after Charles Dickens first used it, the term Circumlocution Office is still used to ridicule governmental bureaucracy where business is delayed by passing through the hands of different officials.
No public business of any kind could possibly be done at any time without the acquiescence of the Circumlocution Office. Its finger was in the largest public pie, and in the smallest public tart. It was equally impossible to do the plainest right and to undo the plainest wrong without the express authority of the Circumlocution Office.
Little Dorrit. Book 1, Chapter 10.