The Adelphi Theatre is a popular London West End theatre, located on the Strand in the City of Westminster. The present building is the fourth on the site. The theatre has specialised in comedy and musical theatre, and today it is a receiving house for a variety of productions, including many musicals.
Charles Dickens and the Adelphi Theatre.
Among the celebrated actors who appeared on the stage of the Adelphi in its early years was the comedian Charles Matthews (1776-1835), whose work was so admired by a young Charles Dickens.
The Adelphi has the distinction, according to the research of Philip Bolton, of being the first house to stage an adaptation a work by Charles Dickens, the piece being J. B. Buckstone’s “The Christening,” a comic burletta (farce) which opened on 13 October 1834, based on “The Bloomsbury Christening,” which would eventually be published in the first volume of Sketches by Boz.
Many of Charles Dickens’s early works were adapted for the stage of the Adelphi, including
- The Pickwick Papers as W. L. Rede’s The Peregrinations of Pickwick; or, Boz-i-a-na, a three-act burletta first performed on 3 April 1837.
- Frederick Yates’s production of Nicholas Nickleby; or, Doings at Do-The-Boys Hall in November-December 1838.
- Edward Stirling’s two-act burletta The Old Curiosity Shop; or, One Hour from Humphrey’s Clock (November-December 1840, January 1841).
- Edward Stirling’s adaptation of A Christmas Carol, first performed on 5 February 1844.
- The Chimes, a Goblin Story of Some Bells that Rang an Old Year Out and a New Year In, adapted Mark Lemon and Gilbert A. Beckett, first performed on 18 December 1844.
- The Haunted Man, adapted by Mark Lemon, first performed on 20 December 1848.
- Revival of Edward Stirling’s adaptation of A Christmas Carol, 2 January 1860, running for one week.
- No Thoroughfare by Charles Dickens and Wilkie Collins, first performed on 26 December 1867.
The Adelphi Theatre is located at 409-412 Strand, London.